University of Virginia Historical Collections at the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library

Mountain Air: The Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium

“Little Red,” Dr. Trudeau’s cottage in the Adirondack Mountains, 2008

“Little Red,” Dr. Trudeau’s cottage in the Adirondack Mountains, 2008
Wikipedia.

 

 

A prominent example of the mountain air approach was the famous Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium established by Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau of New York.

Patients lying on the veranda at the Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium, c.1920 American Lung Association of Virginia (ALAV) Collection.  Historical Collections & Services, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia.

Patients lying on the veranda at the Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium, c.1920
American Lung Association of Virginia (ALAV) Collection. Historical Collections & Services, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia.

Dr. Trudeau contracted tuberculosis while practicing medicine after his graduation from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University. He later founded the Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium in the same place that he had chosen as a quiet retreat when diagnosed 13 years earlier. The sanatorium expanded from the small cottage where he had lived while ill to a 22-building complex complete with infirmary and chapel. In 1885 the first patients arrived and began Dr. Trudeau’s treatment plan. The patients would spend at least 8-10 hours outdoors per day, regardless of the weather, often sitting on the large veranda that was a distinctive feature of the Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium. The patients were to gradually increase the time they spent exercising in the mountain air. In addition, they adhered strictly to a healthful diet that included a glass of milk every four hours.

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