University of Virginia Historical Collections at the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library

Anatomy: The Foundation of Medicine

Starting with Aristotle and continuing with such greats as Hippocrates, Galen, Leonardo da Vinci, Vesalius, and Albinus, this Web exhibit briefly traces the history of anatomical study and drawing. The essay relates the importance of numerous technical and artistic advancements as well as a cultural climate favorable to human dissection.  The exhibit culminates in the images from W. & A. K. Johnston’s Charts of Anatomy and Physiology by Dr. William Turner. His tablet of wall charts, generously donated to The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library by William Crutchfield, would have been displayed in an anatomy laboratory or classroom to help medical students in their studies. It is now presented for the perusal of the twenty-first century viewer.